Drug testing is used to determine if an individual is using drugs. These tests can be done by private individuals as well as employers to find out if future or present employees are using drugs. The drugs being tested for vary a lot based on who is doing the testing, the company used to determine the test, expense, expectations, federal requirements, and so on.
Testing for drugs is not a viable solution for drug addiction and abuse. However, it can be a powerful deterrent for a child until real help, such as drug addiction treatment, takes place. There are several goals that can be achieved through testing for drugs. The first is that it deters children from initially trying drugs. Second, it is a method to help identify children who have just begun experimenting with drugs. Lastly, it helps to identify children who have already developed a drug addiction or have a serious drug abuse problem.
Students who use drugs are statistically more likely than nonusers to drop out of school, bring guns and knives to school, and be involved in physical attacks, property destruction, stealing, and cutting classes (SAMHSA, 2004). Drug use and abuse not only interferes with an individual’s ability to study, it also disturbs the orderly atmosphere necessary for all students to thrive. Obviously, reducing the likelihood of these disrupting behaviors benefits everyone
The government has guidelines regarding drug testing. These were created by NIDA-The National Institute on Drug Abuse and SAMHSA-the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. They mandate that companies that use commercial class driver’s licenses for their employees must have a drug testing system. This test is required to test for five specific groups of drugs. Due to these standard requirements many drug testing companies check for these five common categories. The five most common drug groups that are tested for are cannabinoids (marijuana, hash), cocaine (cocaine, crack, benzoylecognine), amphetamines (amphetamines, methamphetamine, speed), opiates (heroin, opium, codeine, morphine), and phencyclidine (PCP).
There are five main ways of drug testing an individual: urine, blood, hair, saliva, and sweat. Testing the individual’s urine is the most common method. It is less expensive and intrusive than taking blood. Below is information regarding each of these methods.
Drug Testing: Urine
Drug Testing: Saliva
Drug Testing: Hair
Drug Testing: Blood
Drug Testing: Sweat