Illegal drugs are very dangerous because they can cause damage to an individual’s
brain, heart, and other important organs. For example, cocaine which is illegal
can cause a heart attack the very first time it is used. Also, when a person
uses drugs that are illegal they are less likely to do well in school, work,
and other activities. They have a hard time thinking clearly and tend to
make poor decisions. When an individual uses drugs they often do irrational
such as driving under the influence which can be harmful to themselves and
People use illegal drugs for many different reasons. Often it is to fit in
with their friends or just because they are curious. Over all, the underlying
reason a person tries drugs is to escape from reality. If they are sad they
drug to make them feel better for a short time until the drug wears off and
then they find that the problem is still there. Taking drugs has never solved
problems, however, it often creates new ones. The user becomes dependent
on the drugs and finds they are addicted to it. There are many different types
illegal drugs. They included: heroin, cocaine, crack, marijuana, ecstasy, and
meth. We are going to discuss each of these drugs below.
Illegal Drugs: Heroin
Heroin belongs to a group of drugs called opiates. Opiates are strong pain
killers and are classified as depressants because they slow down the functions
of the central nervous system. Heroin can be injected, snorted, or smoked.
It usually comes in powder form and in different colors. It is illegal to
possess, manufacture, supply, import, or trade heroin. Heroin can produce
nausea and vomiting, as well as constipation and itching. At higher doses,
the pupils of the eyes narrow to pin-points, the skin becomes cold, and breathing
becomes slower and shallower. Long term use of street opiates (heroin) and
the associated lifestyle may result in damage to the veins, heart, and lungs.
Women may experience irregular menstruation and possibly infertility, while
men may experience impotence. Because heroin is usually injected, there is
a particular risk for the user. Sharing injecting equipment - needles and
syringes, spoons, sterile water, filters, alcohol swabs and tourniquets -
greatly increases the risk of contracting diseases like tetanus, Hepatitis
B, Hepatitis C and HIV.
Illegal Drugs: Cocaine
Cocaine is classified as a stimulant as it speeds up the nervous system. It
is an addictive drug which comes from coca leaves or it is made synthetically
and comes in the form of a white powder. Cocaine is highly addictive. The
addiction can be almost immediate following the first use. Regular users
almost always become addicted to cocaine. This addiction can cause problems
with daily living including lying, stealing, flattened emotions, and problems
with relationships. Cocaine is extremely dangerous and can cause death to
the user. The effect of cocaine will depend on the amount taken, the
quality, and the purity
the drug. Taking more of the drug may not increase the sensation, rather
it increases the risk of overdose and negative health effects.
Illegal Drugs: Crack
"Crack" is the street name given to cocaine that has been processed
from cocaine hydrochloride to a ready-to-use form for smoking. Rather than
the more dangerous method of processing cocaine using ether, crack cocaine
is processed with ammonia or sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) and water. It
is then heated to remove the hydrochloride, thus producing a form of cocaine
be smoked. The term "crack" refers to the crackling sound heard when
the mixture is heated, presumably from the sodium bicarbonate. On the illicit
market, crack, or "rock," is sold in small, inexpensive dosage units.
Smoking this form of the drug delivers large quantities of cocaine to the lungs,
producing effects comparable to intravenous injection. These effects are felt
almost immediately after smoking, are very intense, and do not last long.
Illegal Drugs: Marijuana
Marijuana is primarily a depressant; however it may have hallucinogenic effects.
Marijuana comes from the dried leaves and flowers of the cannabis plant.
The effects of marijuana will vary depending on the individual and the mood
they are in. It will also depend on the strength and amount of the drug being
used. In combination with other drugs or alcohol, the use of now much stronger
hydroponically grown marijuana produces disturbing feelings of paranoia,
hallucinations, and other symptoms of drug-induced psychosis. Drug use can
lead to social
and emotional problems that can affect a person's relationship with families
and friends. For example, one of the effects of marijuana can be loss of
inhibitions. This may lead to a person saying or doing something they would
do, or taking risks which may put them in danger. Marijuana can also make
people less motivated.
Illegal Drugs: Ecstasy
Ecstasy (also known as 'adam', 'e', 'm&m' or 'xtc') is a stimulant because
it speeds up the functions of the central nervous system. Ecstasy is often
mixed with a variety of different drugs, making it difficult for users to know
what they are taking. It is dangerous to take other drugs in combination with
ecstasy as little is known about these combinations. Using more than one drug
also increases the risks of complications and serious side effects. It can
lead to a number of serious physical and psychological problems. Ecstasy can
produce a 'hangover' effect with symptoms including loss of appetite, insomnia,
depression, or muscular aches. The effects of ecstasy vary from person to person
depending on size, mood, gender, health, weight, personality, expectations
of the drug, and previous experience with ecstasy.
Illegal Drugs: Meth
Meth is part of a group known as amphetamines. The effect of meth is that it
stimulates the activity of certain chemicals in the user’s brain. Meth
is classified as a stimulant drug. Meth bought on the streets is usually a
white or yellow powder. Meth can be swallowed, injected, smoked or snorted.
Use of any drug can damage your health. Meth is often of a very poor quality
and a 'dirty' hit can make users sick. Of course the effects of meth will vary
from person to person depending on mood, physical size, personality, gender,
the way they use it, quality of the drug and previous history of use. The immediate
effects last between two and five hours.